Issue No. 2, Vol 106 (2019)

Studies

The Moravian manuscript hymn books and their importance for the research of the folk church singing in the 17th and 18th century
Abstract
This study deals with the Czech and Moravian manuscript hymn books from the 17th and 18th century. It summarizes the existing research and describes the most important manuscripts. Some of the hymnals are accompanied by musical notation and a large number of them are beautiful illuminated. The manuscript hymnography is one of the richest sources for an understanding of the folk culture and singing in the 17th and 18th century. The manuscripts were relatively independent of the printed hymn-books and were close to orality.
„Will I Find a Young Friend, Loving Countryside?“ A Cultural-Anthropological Perspective on Personal Ads in Interwar Homosexual Press
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to inquire into possibilities of recourse to personal ads as a source of cultural-anthropological research. Specifically, it proposes an analysis of a corpus of over 500 such ads, published in 1931–1934 in a magazine of the Czechoslovak homosexuals minority, the Voice of the Sexual Minority. It proposes to approach these very short utterances as signs, an analytical work being possible only at the level of the signifiant. It also proposes to analyse some crucial expressions, repeated very often in these ads, throught the concept of an symbolic-deicitic field. In this way, the paper reaches a conclusion that sheds a new light on conceptual categories of the interwar Czechoslovak homosexual subculture, which have not yet been perceived by a classical historical research.
Brief history of trees in agriculture in Europe and Czech lands
Abstract
The article summarizes the history of keeping trees on the agricultural land in Czech lands from the beginnings of agriculture through their loss during agricultural industrialisation up to attempts to restore them in current multifunctional agriculture. It points at numerous traces of this land use and management in the czech palynological record, European iconography, 19th century tax records (Franciscan cadaster), scholar agrarian literature, photographs taken by Czech ethnographers and landscape itself. In the discussion over the results the discrepancy of record of this old cultural practice is shown alongside with the consequences that a symbolic annihilation of a certain theme in agricultural knowledge can have for the features of agricultural landscape.
Emotional Capital as a Neoliberal Strategy of Identity: Coaching Upper Middle Class Subjectivities in Poland
Abstract
This article suggests that emotional capital as an embodied form of cultural capital can be treated as a neoliberal strategy of identity. The ethnographic research is based within a com-munity of Polish coaches and their clients (coachees). The paper argues that the identity and the status of upper middle class members are built, not only through accumulating material goods and creating beneficial social relations, but also on adopting lifestyle habits such us participating in coaching practices, in order to attain self-awareness, emotional well-being as well as the ability to manage emotions. From my analytical perspective, one can see coaching as a materialisation of neoliberal technologies of governmentality, helping to reach and tweak the cognitive-emotional dispositions that make up a form of emotional capital. Being self-aware and emotionally mature, thus more productive, becomes a key element in the upper middle class members’ production of self-image, which were effectively the objects of my research. They define themselves, as well as the members of the class they associate with, on the basis of a neoliberal logic and the discourse of psy-disciplines.

Forum

Letters sustaining cross-atlantic migrations: From Frenštát, Moravia to Frenstat, Texas in the decades following the Civil War
Abstract
Dopisy, které jsou podkladem dané studie, sehrály klíčovou roli v mezikontinentálním transferu migrantů a zajišťovaly plynulou migraci z několika vesnic Frenštátska na Moravě do Fayetteville, Frenstatu a okoli v Texasu po několik dekád. V dopisech, které si mezi sebou vyměňovali bratři Přibylovi 22 let, je zachycen složitý proces odtržení se od domoviny a váhavé akulturace v Texasu, z nichž první dva roky tvoří osu daného článku. Migrace Přibylů je zasazena do historického rámce událostí, které ji provázely na Moravě, a podmínek, v kterých prvního Jana vítal Texas. Analýza dostupných informací odkrývá opomíjené každodenní faktory, které přesídlení komplikovaly, a ozvláštňuje ustálenou interpretaci migrace do Ameriky. Článek je koncipován jako 1. díl dvoudílné studie - 1. díl se zabývá dialogem bratrů v procesu stěhování se z Moravy a akulturace v Texasu, 2. díl se zaměřuje na konkrétní projevy integrace do texaského prostoru v 70. a 80. letech 19. století, dokumentované v dopisech. Dopisy bratrů Přibylových jsou podkladem k čerpání primárních dat o migraci a tvoří základní časovou osu, kolem níž se rozvíjejí události provázející migraci, tvořící historický rámec vystěhovalectví a mapující osudy obou bratrů.

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Reviews

Rychlík, Martin, Dějiny vlasů. Účesy, vousy, chlupy a péče o ně.