Český lid / The Czech Ethnological Journal is the leading peer-reviewed Czech ethnological journal (established in 1891), published in print and on-line in open access format by the Institute of Ethnology of the Czech Academy of Sciences in Prague. The journal publishes high-quality scholarly articles in the fields of ethnology and sociocultural anthropology as well as interdisciplinary articles with corresponding theoretical and methodological focus primarily in the Czech, Slovak and English languages. It is regularly indexed and abstracted in Scopus, AIO, ERIH, CEJSH, JSTOR, PRO QUEST, GOOGLE SCHOLAR, EBSCOhost, IBR, IB

Current Issue

Issue No. 4, Vol 103 (2016)

Editorial

Tematická sekce Od etnomuzikologie k etnochoreologii a opačně
Thematic section From ethnomusicology to ethnochoreology and vice versa

Studies

Locating the Choreomusical: The Case of European and American Dance Fiddling
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21104/CL.2016.4.01
Abstract
This essay takes the term choreomusical as a starting place for discussion of attention to the study of music and dance relationships within ethnomusicology and ethnochoreology. Extending this neologism, choreomusicology has been proposed as a distinct disciplinary perspective on its own. Recent publications advocating for the usefulness of this joint research perspective have begun to establish this terminology more generally. Explicit studies of music-dance as a unitary phenomenon in performance, however, long predate this development, particularly in the closely connected fields of ethnomusicology and ethnochoreology. This history is here acknowledged, tracing interest in this research topic to major founding figures in both disciplines, as they took shape in the 1950s. An examination of the application of the choreomusical perspective to the particular case of European and American dance fiddling provides examples of how such inquiry has been carried out and identifies emergent methods which make use of advances in digitally based sound and movement analysis. A more nuanced usage of the terms is advocated.
Inventing the Carnival: Contemporary Festivities, Tradition and Imaginaries
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21104/CL.2016.4.03
Abstract
Since the beginning of the 1990s we can observe an increasing number of festivities in the Czech Republic which are constructed after a historical shape of the rural carnival. They reveal the needs and intentions of contemporary urban society that manipulates with elements of the carnival in the context of contemporary activities. We focus on the way the structural units of the festivity are selected and appropriated by people within the construction of its contemporary form. The ethnomusicological and ethnochoreological approach enables us to reflect the cognitive process of the participants that makes visible their personal as well as collective experience of the festivity and gives us information about social relationships, culture and collective memory produced together with imaginaries of the time. The qualitative field research took place in several districts of Prague and its suburbs based on relationships between place and interests.
Menuet in the Czech Folk music: analysis and musical type
Abstract
Jak vyplývá z dlouhodobého výzkumu vlastností českých lidových tanečních nápěvů, lze písně a instrumentální melodie ze sbírek 19. a 20. století rozčlenit do několika výrazných hudebních skupin. Vedle již dříve zevrubně popsaných třídobých typů „do kolečka“, „lendler“, „mazurka“ či polonézových rytmicko-melodických struktur (srov. Vejvoda 2004a, 2008, 2012) tvoří výrazný hudební typ také minet, resp. lidový menuet. Cílem předkládané studie je ověřit subjektivně vnímané hudební kvality českých minetů metodou počítačové strukturální analýzy a prezentovat je v kontextu dosud publikovaných historických výzkumů a muzikologických analýz.
Postcolonial Agency, Proactive Archiving, and Applied Ethnochoreology: The National Dance Archive of Ireland
Abstract
This paper examines the construction of archives and in particular dance archives with special focus on the National Dance Archive of Ireland. The paper provides a contextual background to the establishment and workings of the archive and explores issues relating to postcoloniality. It suggests that proactive archiving and applied ethnochoreology within the context of dance archives can potentially play an important role in contributing to postcolonial agency in the construction of social and cultural identities.
Music and Ritual
Abstract
Study of rituals can rarely do without the examination of music which constitutes an important non-verbal part of their structure. The process of rituals correlates with music which determines the rhythm of changes. The study is based on field research of the annual spring ritual cycles in Bohemia, Slovakia and Basel, Switzerland, which are compared. Music in rituals can be applied in two forms: as protocolar (becoming the identifier of the ritual) or arbitrary. The processes of the Shrovetide rituals are interpreted according to Gennepov classification of transitional rituals with the key feature of the liminal (threshold) phase; in the same way Victor Turner’s terms such as communitas and anti-structure are applied.
Inventing the Carnival: Contemporary Festivities, Tradition and Imaginaries
Abstract
Since the early 1990s, an increasing number of festivities in the Czech Republic can be observed, constructed after a historical form of the rural carnival (“masopust”). They reveal the needs and intentions of contemporary urban society, which manipulates elements of the carnival in the context of contemporary activities. We focus on the way the structural units of the festivity are selected and appropriated by people within the construction of its contemporary form. The ethnomusicological and ethnochoreological approach enables us to reflect the cognitive process of the participants who makes visible their personal as well as collective experience of the festivity and provides us information about social relationships, culture and collective memory produced together with images of the time. The qualitative field research took place in several districts of Prague and its suburbs, based on relationships between place and interests.

Conferences

Woman, Religions and Gender Relations (Università di Torino – Campus Luigi Einaudi)
Abstract
Conference Report "Woman, Religions and Gender Relations" (Università di Torino – Campus Luigi Einaudi, 9. – 11. 11. 2016).

News

Identity v pohybu. Sociocon. Pardubice 10. 5. 2016
Conference Aboriginal North America and Europe: Strengthening Connections
Abstract
Report about conference, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznan

Reviews

Karel Altman, Praha u piva
Jan Rychlík-Magdaléna Rychlíková, Subcarpathian Ruthenia in Czechoslovak history 1918–1946
Abstract
Reviews of the Monograph on the Subcarpathian Ruthenia in Czechoslovak history 1918–1946
Mina Yang, Planet Beethoven: Classical Music at the Turn of the Millennium
Marek Jakoubek (ed.), Teorie etnicity. Čítanka textů

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